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Brief History About Nigeria


Nigeria is located in western Africa along the Gulf of Guinea, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. Lagos serves as its capital and largest city. Get the Best information about naijauncut.

Nigeria won independence from British rule in 1960 but has experienced instability and bloodshed since then. An unsuccessful secessionist movement established Biafra as an autonomous region in southeastern Nigeria between 1967 and 1970.

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Since its independence in 1960, Nigeria has experienced multiple military coups and civil wars, let corrupt civilian governments siphon off oil profits, and suffered economic collapse.

Nigeria’s history is long and complex, making its current condition all the more perplexing. From Neolithic and Iron Age cultures to medieval kingdoms and empires, European traders arriving in West Africa, the transatlantic slave trade, the founding Islamic Sokoto Caliphate, and then ultimately federal governments, its story encompasses it all.

The book is comprehensive in scope, covering historical and contemporary events in Nigeria without overlooking forces shaping its key regions. Unfortunately, however, there are minor quibbles concerning Hausa and Yoruba ethnic groups, particularly their treatment in this text.


Nigeria heavily depends on oil revenues, with 90% of exports comprising petroleum-related exports. Therefore, Nigeria must build non-energy-related infrastructure projects to diversify its economy and ensure long-term sustainability.

Government offers incentives for non-oil sectors’ development, including duty drawback and manufacturing in-bond programs, as well as tax relief and capital assets depreciation allowances. These measures aim to stimulate domestic production while using local raw materials in manufacturing.

Nigeria has faced severe economic issues since the oil price surge of 2021. A depreciating currency, trade restrictions, and deficit financing measures have caused inflation while oil production continues to decline.

Government tax collection efforts still need to be made more accessible, with little derived from oil sector activities. An oil price boom could prompt changes away from subsidies and free up cash to boost economic development; increased transparency must also be ensured through easily trackable emergency funds.


Nigeria is primarily a Muslim country, though there are significant Christian populations both North and South of its borders. Additionally, numerous indigenous religions, such as Bahais, Hindus, and Sikhs, exist within Nigerian society.

Despite their differences, religious communities remain strong throughout Nigerian society and play an integral role. Yet concerns exist regarding breaches of religious freedom in Nigeria.

Christians living in India are regularly targeted with persecution, with violations such as forced conversion, death and destruction of Churches/rectories/Churches being committed against them; abduction; physical torture; imprisonment/threatening behavior, and more often being experienced without reporting back to either government bodies or international actors due to security considerations.

The Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Nigeria (CBCN) issues statements and communique regularly to urge government protection of Christians’ religious rights in Nigeria. At the same time, parish priests frequently deliver sermons promoting moral consideration of current events among parishioners.


Nigeria is home to many ethnic groups with diverse cultural and traditional practices manifesting through art, music, and cuisine. These diverse identities come together in Nigeria as one cohesive nation.

Culture refers to all aspects of daily life for people – their social organization, politics, economics, aesthetics, and religion – which differentiate them from their neighbors while providing direction for living.

Religion plays an integral part in Nigerian culture, with Islam and Christianity dominating as the two primary faiths, yet indigenous traditions also have an enormous effect.

Ethnic groups differ, but three dominant ones include the Hausa-Fulani in the north, Yoruba in the west, and Igbos in the east. Each ethnicity boasts its language and traditions.

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