Roof installation can be daunting for inexperienced homeowners. But understanding its basics will save time, money and prevent expensive mistakes from occurring. Select the best Roofing companies myrtle beach.
Before starting any work, be sure to have all of the required materials and tools ready. Also, avoid working in poor weather conditions – the rain may cause slips and falls, while solid winds could blow debris or shingles off your roof.
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Determine Your Roof’s Needs
Before purchasing any roofing materials, it’s essential to understand your roof’s specific needs. Your choice will depend upon various considerations such as cost, durability and weather resistance.
A strong roof protects your home from the sunlight, rain, sleet, and snow, keeps indoors or temper, and keeps sand relaxed. Different materials exist ranging from clay tiles to asphalt,lt shingles – each has advantages and disadvanits. As part of an evaluation of your roof’s condition, one of the first things to look out for is visible water damage – which might include staining or discoloration on ceilings and walls – as well as leaks around valleys where sloped sections meet; such areas may have been compromised by storms or animals and lead to leakage issues.
As part of your roof inspection, inspecting the flashing that seals seams on your roof is also wise. If this flashing is made from tar or cement, replace it with metal flashing for improved protection from leakage.
Gather Your Materials
Roof renovation can be enormously daunting, and even experienced DIYers rely heavily on having enough materials. Make a list of tools, materials, and safety gear you’ll require before undertaking your roof project to prevent last-minute trips to hardware stores.
Before beginning, moving vehicles away from your home is a good idea, and covering any landscaping with a tarp for added protection. Also, ensure contractors have access to electrical outlets outside or inside a garage; extension cords may present trip hazards; you should consider placing them somewhere safe to avoid potential issues.
Children and pets will likely be distressed by the continuous hammering, so it may be best for them to stay with Grandma while the roofers work. If this is not an option, at least confine them to one room in your house with plenty of toys for comfort.
Lay the Felt Paper
Felt paper is an economical yet effective option to protect the wood decking under your shingles, increasing fireproofing capabilities and adding protection. Some manufacturers and building codes even mandate its installation on roofs.
Felt comes in 15- and 30-pound ratings, with heavier felt offering more protection than its lighter counterpart. While one roll can cover an entire roof surface area, it should overlap each course by several inches for optimal performance for optimal results.
Start laying the felt at one gable end and move towards the peak, creating half-overlapping rows. Use a utility knife to trim away excess felt along edges or protrusions on your roof and secure around metal flashing edges or protrusions for best results.
As you apply each row of felt, remove any creases and bubbles by smoothing it as you go. Overlap each row several inches for even coverage, and ensure the top felt layer aligns with its counterpart on the lower row.
Lay the Shingles
As soon as the underlayment is done, when’s the time to start installing shingles? First, install enough bundles o,f shingles to cover each roof section – these packages contain grids showing how many square feet each package covers, so you can calculate how much to buy before beginning your project.
Professional roofers usually rely on vertical control chalk lines as guides when shingling roofs, working left and right toward the ridge. Consistent slots and stagger are vital so water drains correctly off of your roof into your home.
Befolaying shingles, installing step flashing around or vents, and a drip edge along the eaves. Next, lay the starter course of shingles; this should overhang by approximately half-inch from the eaves. Secure all protruding nails using roofing tar for extra security.
Install the Flashing
Flashing is the waterproof material used to seal the area where a roof meets walls, such as chimneys or dormers. It may contain metal sheets, rubber/plastic membranes, or roll roofing.
Flashing should be installed correctly to avoid leaks and damage to shingles, sheathing, or studs. Flashing must be secured under building wrap and shingle course while covering eaves’ sheathing in order to work as intended.
Flatod permanently be installed following the manufacturer’s guidelines, particularly for plumbing vents. When installing this flashing, make sure it allows enough room for ensure. Furthermore, leave an air gap between your flashing and siding to allow moisture that collects on walls to escape and prevent mold or mildew growth in your home.
Secure the Shingles
Roof shingles are exposed to all forms of weather; storms, cold spells, sun exposure, and even age can damage them over time, necessitating their replacement as necessary.
If you discover a damaged shingle, ensure your ladder is secure, benumbing onto the roof. Once up there, use a flat pry bar to loosen the sealant connecting shingle tiles to the roof surface before using an awl to break off nails holding down the shingle tile.
Once the damaged shingle has been removed, install a replacement using a similar technique. Align it correctly over its predecessor before nailing it in its class using similar patterns.
Repete this process up to the ridge, leaving about an extra tab width of overhang on each end of the shingles. Consider installing a metal drip edge; although not always required (check with local code officials first), it will give your roof edges a finished look while stopping shingles from curling over them.